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Loire Valley

Loire Valley – this is a great geographical and historical region in western France, extending from the high mountains of western part of the Massif Central to the Atlantic coast. The area of vineyards here is 73.4 million. Ha. The Loire Valley is dominated by small farms, which makes it somewhat similar to Burgundy. Because of the large extent of the region from east to west the climate in different parts varies, ranging from sea to polukontinentalnomu: highest humidity and solar lighting – in the Muscadet appellation, and the highest temperature in summer is in Pouilly-sur-Loire. The vineyards are located, as a rule, on the eastern slope of the hills that protect them from excess moisture brought here for prevailing ocean winds, and limits the osadkov600 mm. This allows you to take full advantage of such favorable factors as the mild climate and beautiful sunlight. Most of the best vineyards gravitates to the confluence of the Loire tributaries, they are oriented perpendicular to the direction of winds blowing from the ocean. The region is in fourth place in France to export wine after Champagne, Bordeaux and Burgundy; abroad sent more than 30% of wine produced here.

The main grape varieties are usually divided into four categories:

- Loire varieties: Chenin Noir, Sauvignon.

- The origin of Bordeaux varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc.

- Burgundian origin varieties: Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Muscadet.

- New varieties: Groll, Gamay.

In the Loire Valley, there is no concept of Grand Cru and Premier Cru, in Bordeaux and Burgundy. The classification of the vineyards is quite simple: in addition to dining and local wines are produced wines of controlled origin names.

These days, the bulk of production is concentrated in four subregions: Nante, Anjou and Saumur, Touraine, Sancerre and Pouilly.

1) Pays Nantes – grade Muscadet country. The first vines were transplanted here from the region of Bourgogne in 1740

2) Anjou-Saumur It produces almost all the famous wines, from almost all the varieties of grapes grown in the Loire Valley – from dry to sweet, from pink to red and white, from silent until bubbly. Rose wines still account for 45% of total wines of Anjou. They are made mostly of varieties Groll and additives Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Doni, Gamay, Malbec.

3) This Touraine wine region originated in the vicinity of the Tour back to Roman times. Cabernet Franc is called Breton. Touraine-Amboise (Touraine-Amboise) – a modest white wines (variety Chenin Blanc), pink and light red wines (Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Gamay) produce from the territory of the 8 villages surrounding and including Ambu. Vouvray (Vouvray) – these wines (variety Chenin Blanc and can add variety Arbois) may be dry, semi-dry or sweet, depending on the crop year.

4) The central vineyards are so named because they are located in the center of France, but not in the heart of the Loire Valley. After the epidemic of phylloxera vineyard area occupied by vines declined, almost all of it took Sauvignon Blanc, which is now dominated, although preserved and areas planted with Pinot Noir only. Pouilly Fumé (Pouilly Fume) wine from pure Sauvignon Blanc. These wines have a wonderful gooseberry flavor, subtle and delicate. Pouilly-sur-Loire (Pouilly-sur-Loire) – these wines are produced in the same area as Pouilly Fumé (Pouilly Fume), but of grapes Chasselas, though assemblage be mixed with Sauvignon Blanc. Sancerre (Sancerre) – this area is famous for its white wines (Sauvignon Blanc), hatya long been better known for its red and rose wines (Pinot Noir).

Kitchen Loire Valley In this region, there is no single style of cooking. In the valley itself, which is called the “garden of France”, grow various kinds of fruits and vegetables. Freshwater fish Loire river and its tributaries is widely used pike, perch and eel. They are often cooked in a sauce of butter, shallots and white wine or vinegar. Game of the forests in the east of the region is used to make excellent sausages. For most of the wines can be offered – cold appetizers, fish steamed and grilled seafood, goat cheese. The traditional dessert of this region – fruit cakes.

This region is represented by the following manufacturers:

- Soot Guy