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Alsace

Alsace (fr. Alsace) – a region in the northeast of France, bordering Germany and Switzerland. The capital of Alsace is Strasbourg, the second largest city of the city of Mulhouse, the third city of Colmar. Alsace is divided into two departments: Bas-Rhin (fr. Bas-Rhin) in the north of the administrative center in Strasbourg and the Upper Rhine (fr. Haut-Rhin) in the south of the administrative center in Colmar. Alsace covers an area of km² 8280 (190 km long and 50 km wide, which is 1.5% of the area of France), and that makes it the smallest administrative region among European possessions in France. The climate of Alsace – polukontinentalny. Westerly winds carrying moist air masses from the Atlantic, breaking the Vosges Mountains, causing rain to the western slopes of them. Thus, the air is released from the water, becomes drier. As a result, winter in Alsace, cold and dry, and the summer – warm with little precipitation. Colmar has its own micro-climate – sunny and dry, this city is the second driest city in France (after Perpignan, south of France) in the year receives only 550 mm of rainfall. This climate is ideal for growing grape crops and viticulture. Alsace – one of the most important wine regions of France. In Alsace produced 1.15 million hectoliters of wine per year (150 million bottles), mainly white wines (90% of total production), and to a lesser extent, red, pink and sparkling. There are three distinguished appellation – AOC Alsace, AOC Alsace Grand Cru (which includes wine with section 51 (Grand Cru vineyard categories) most important vineyards of Alsace) and AOC Crémant d’Alsace, including best Crémant (sparkling wine). More often still wines of Alsace (in contrast to the wine regions of Bordeaux and Burgundy) are the name of the grape varieties – Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Sylvaner, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Muscat d’Alsace (Alsace) and Pinot Gris or (Pinot Gris d’Alsace) (until 2008, this variety and wine from it called “Tokay Pinot gris”). Simple, everyday wines labeled labels in Alsace term Edelzwicker (Edeltsviker – “noble mixture”), they are made from a mixture of (Alsatian) grapes. Sweet wines of Alsace Alsatian wine AOC Alsace and AOC Alsace Grand Cru may be mentioned categories Vendanges Tardives («late harvest grapes”). The berries are harvested in the fall, they zavyalivayutsya and their juices while becoming more concentrated (sweet). Another category, which can be marked wine AOC Alsace and AOC Alsace Grand Cru, – Selection de grains nobles («selection of noble berries”). These wines are produced from overripe berries, affected by mold Botrytis cinerea, by which cracked berries are dried and become sweeter.

This region is represented by the following manufacturers:

- Domain Veynbah

- Domaine de la Ville de Colmar